(set-up will begin at 6:00, viewing at 6:30)
-Everyone will need to provide a project board for their project (watch for sales or coupons at Hobby Lobby). Make sure it is visually appealing and has a catchy title!
-Please remember to bring a tarp to put under your table if your project might be messy. And so sorry to my favorite teen boys, but no fire. We can’t afford to replace church buildings ;).
Below is the Scientific method which you can outline on your board. Science fair projects are going to be different for different age groups, so just make it appropriate for your level. Preschoolers probably aren’t able to completely understand scientific method, but they can set out books on their topic, information they’ve collected, pictures, etc. Older kids can get more involved in the method.
Scientific Method provides a framework in which scientists can analyze situations, explain things and answer questions.
Steps of Scientific Method
- Observation: allows the scientist to collect data
- Once enough data has been collected, a hypothesis can be formed
Hypothesis: an educated guess that attempts to explain a question
- Once the hypothesis is formed, the scientist then collects much more data in an effort to test the hypothesis. If the data are found to be inconsistent with the hypothesis, the hypothesis might be discarded or modified until it is consistent with all the data that has been collected.
- If a large amount of data is collected and the hypothesis is consistent with all the data, the hypothesis becomes a theory.
Theory: a hypothesis that has been tested and is consistent with
generations of data
- If several generations of collected data are all consistent with the theory, it eventually attains the status of scientific law
Science cannot prove anything. It is important to remember that the conclusions of science are always tentative. You can apply scientific method to show that there is evidence for your hypothesis. If your data confirms your hypothesis, it means that your hypothesis isscientifically reasonable.
How Scientific Method Can Be Used in Your Mad Science Fair Project
- Make Observations
Take what is around you and start writing down observations. Write down everything-colors, timing, sounds, temperatures, light levels. Write down observations until a testable idea comes up.
- Formulate a Hypothesis
Pose a statement that can be used to predict the outcome of future observations.
- Design an Experiment
- Test the Hypothesis/Perform Your Experiment
It is important to keep all data. Make notes when something exceptional occurs. Write down observations related to your experiment that aren’t directly related to the hypothesis.
- Accept or Reject Your Hypothesis
Conclusions are formed based on the analysis of the data. Does the data fit the hypothesis?
Hypothesis Accepted: This does not guarantee that it is the correct hypothesis. This means that the result of your experiment support the hypothesis.
Hypothesis Rejected: Go back to Step 2. More observations and data collection are needed.
And here are a few examples of projects you could take off with.
-How Do Germs Spread?
-Observe/Detail Your Favorite Animal
-How Does the Shell of an Egg Protect a Baby Chick?
-What Colors Are Really Present In Leaves?
-Why Do Leaves Change Colors in the Fall?
-What Do Animals Do in the Winter? (Hibernation)
-How Bubbles Work
Homemade Ice Cream
Vinegar, Baking Soda, Balloon
-Polymers & Slime
-Water & Ice
-Does Wet Sand or Dry Sand Make The Best Sand Castels?
-What Happens When Salt Water From The Ocean Evaporates?
-How Does a Thermometer Work?
Remember, the goal is to learn something new and to have fun!
Can’t wait to see your great projects!